Phonics is a combination of skill and knowledge which aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. At Stone St Mary’s C.E Primary School, we follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme. This programme, as well as our school, believes in practical, interactive activities and we feel this suits the needs of the children; it keeps them engaged and enthusiastic towards the subject. Children begin by learning the sound each individual letter makes and progress onto identifying the sound a combination of letters make. The last and also vital skill, is to blend the phonemes (sounds) to create a word. We set out detailed and systematic plans for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven. Although fluency by the age of 7 is the aim, phonic skills are a necessity throughout a child’s school life, assisting them to discover new words, and go on to read any kind of text fluently with the upmost confidence. At Stone St Mary's we continue to aim for 100% pass rate in the Year One Phonics Screening, setting high expectations always.